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含酚废水处理技术分析

作者:嘉隆节能环保 时间:2018-12-28

含酚废水处理设备图

  HANFENFEISHUICHULIJISHUDEFAZHANZHUYAOBAOKUOYIXIASANGEFANGMIAN:

  (1)RONGJICUIQUFA,XIANGYINGDECAOZUOJISHUFANWEIJIAOGUANG,RONGYIZAISHENG,CHULIDEXIAOGUOJIAOHAO,YINCI,RONGJICUIQUFASHIZAIHANFENFEISHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGYIZHONGYOUXIUDEXIN JISHU,QIJINGZHENGYOUSHIJIAOWEIMINGXIAN,CHULIFEISHUIDEXIAOLVJIAOGAO,ERQIEKEKAOXINGJIAOQIANG;

  (2)GUANYUHANFENFEISHUICHULIFUZAXINGHEDUOYANGXINGDEWENTI,BUNENGTONGGUO DAN—DEJISHULAIWANCHENG,BIXUJIAQIANGZHENGGEJISHUDESHIYONG,YINCI,BIXUJIANGYANGHUAJISHUHESHENGWUFAXIANGLIANHE,TIGAOHANFENFEISHUICHULIDEJINGJIXIAOGUO;

  (3)GUANYUMOFENLIJISHU,BIXUJIAQIANGGAOFENZICAILIAOJIMOGONGYEDESHIYONG,JIAQIANGMO FENLIJISHUZAIHANFENSHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGDEYINGYONGQIANJING,DADAOZUIZHONGDESHIYONGMU DEHEXIAOGUO。

国内水体中含酚浓度与含酚废水排放最高允许标准

TUSHI GUONEISHUITIZHONGHANFENNONGDUYUHANFENFEISHUIPAIFANGZUIGAOYUNXUBIAOZHUN DANWEI(mg/REN)

  1溶剂萃取法:目前,在含酚废水进行处理的过程中,通常采用溶剂萃取法的工艺来进行相关操作,将含酚废水进行处理,达到含酚排放的标准,首先必须要结合萃取法处理高浓度的现状,对各种含酚、苯酚废水处理技术的应用进行研究,使其满足工业的要 求。除此之外,必须对含酚废水的工业实施状况进行研究,使其能够加强处理的效率和标准,获得理想的废水处理效果,达到国家废水含酚量的标准要求。但是,在含酚废水处理过程中,溶剂萃取法是通过油水分离过程后才能够进行排放,存在着溶剂损失问题。近年来,对含酚废水处理时采用溶剂萃取剂的方法,主要解决了相关溶剂损失的问题。因此,需要对溶剂 萃取法的操作范围广和容易再生等特点进行研究,使其成为一种高效可靠的处理技术。

  2高级氧化处理技术:加强高级氧化处理技术的分析,高级氧化处理技术主要 包括以下几种。

  2.1KONGQIYANGHUAFA:ZHEIZHUYAOSHIZHIZAIHANFENFEISHUIDECHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,BUNENGGOUJINJINCAIYONGCHUANTONGDESHENGWUFAJINXINGCHULI,HAIYAOCAIQUHUAXUEYANGHUADEFANGFAJINXINGCHULI, ERSHISHIKONGQIYANGHUASHIMUQIANCHULIDEJISHU,YAOJIAQIANGKONGQIYANGHUA,CONGERDADAOGAOWENGAOYADEBIAOZHUN,NENGGOUSHIQINENGHAOJIANGDI,DUISHEBEICAIZHIYEYAOJIA QIANG。ZAIKONGQIYANGHUADEGUOCHENGZHONG,SHISHICUIHUAYANGHUAFAKEYIZAIJIAODIDEWENDUXIA,DADAOJIAOHAODEFEISHUICHULIXIAOGUO,DANSHIMUQIANFEISHUIWURANWUCHEDIYANGHUA FENJIERENGRANCUNZAIHENDUOWENTI。

  2.2GUANGHUAXUEYANGHUAFA:GUANGHUAXUEYANGHUAFAZHUYAOFENWEIFEIJUNXIANGBANDAOTIGUANGCUIHUAYANGHUAFAHEJUN XIANGGUANGYANGHUAFA2DALEI。FEIJUNXIANGBANDAOTIGUANGCUIHUAYANGHUAFAZHUYAOSHITONGGUOSHIYOUJIWUWANQUANJIANGJIEFEISHUIZHONGDEFENHANLIANGLAIDADAOFEISHUICHULIXIAOGUO,MU QIANDELIXIANGMUBIAOSHINENGGOUTONGGUOTAIYANGNENGDELIYONG,DUIFEIJUNXIANGBANDAOTIGUANG CUIHUAYANGHUAFAJISHUJINXINGTUPO。ERJUNXIANGGUANGYANGHUAFASHIDUIFEISHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGYANJIUZUIDUODEYIZHONGFANGFA,QIXIAOHAODEDIANNENGJIAOGAO,YINCI,ZHEIZHONGFANG FAZAIFEISHUIQUFENDEGUOCHENGZHONGCHENGBENJIAODA。3.3DIANCUIHUAJISHU:SUIZHESHEHUIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,MUQIANZAIFEISHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,DIANCUIHUAJI SHUCHANGCHANGYOUYUCHULIXIAOLVGAOHECAOZUOJIAOWEIJIANDANDENGYOUDIAN,YINQILEYANJIUZHEDEZHUZHONG。ZAIDIANCUIHUAJISHUGUOCHENGZHONG,BIXUDUIDIANJICUIHUAJINXINGYANJIU, SHIQINENGGOUDADAOJIANGJIEDEMUDE,KEFUYANGHUAFACHENGBENDETOURU。ZHEIZHONGFANGFAKEYICHULIFENNONGDUJIAODA,SUANXINGJIAOGAODEFEISHUI,KEYIBUJINGXISHIHUOSHIZHONGHEDIAOJIEDENGJINXINGCHULI,JUYOUJIAOHAODEYINGYONGQIANJING。

  2.4CHAOSHENGSHENGHUAXUEYANGHUAFA:CHAOSHENGSHENGHUAXUEYANGHUAFASHIZAI20SHIJI80NIANDAIHOUQISUOFAZHANQILAI DEYOUJIWURANWUGAOXIAOCHULIJISHU,QIYUANLISHICHAOSHENGBOFUZHAORONGYECHANSHENGGAOWEN(>5000K)DEKONGHUAQIPAOJIQIANGYANGHUAXINGWUZHI(RU˙OH),SHINANJIANGJIE YOUJIWUZAICITIAOJIANXIAWANQUANYANGHUAJIANGJIE,WUERCIWURAN。

  2.5CHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAFA:ZHEIZHUYAOSHIZHIJIANGYOUJIWURANWUZAICHAOLINJIESHUIZHONGJINXINGYANGHUA,CISHI DESHUIZHIHUIFASHENGJIAODADEBIANHUA,YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,NANYURONGJIEDESHUIJINGWUHE YIXIEQITIHUIRONGJINSHUIZHONG。YINCI,BIXUJIAQIANGCHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAFAGUOCHENGZHONGLIANGHAODERONGJIXINGNENGHECHUANDIXINGNENG,CUJINYOUJIWURANWUZAICHAOLINJIESHUIZHONG NENGGOUJINXINGKUAISUDEYANGHUAJIANGJIE。ERCHAOLINJIESHUIYANGHUAFAZAIGAOWENGAOYADEZHUANGTAIXIACAINENGGOUYOUXUJINXING,FANYINGQIFUSHIJIAOWEIYANZHONG,DUIYUFANYINGQICAI DEYAOQIUJIAOGAO,GONGHAOJIAODA,ZAIYIDINGDECHENGDUSHANGZUAILEGONGYEHUAYINGYONGDEJINCHENG,YINCI,BIXUYANJIUZHANGQINAIGAOWENDEFANYINGQICAISHICHAOLINHUANGSHUIYANGHUAFAGONGYEHUAYINGYONGDEGUANJIANNEIRONG。

  3生化处理技术 生化处理技术主要是包括3个方面。

  3.1HUOXINGWUNIFA:BENFENSHIYIZHONGJUYOUSHENGWUDUXINGDEZHUYAOWUZHI,DINONGDUYENENGGOUDUI RENTIHEWEISHENGWUCHANSHENGZHONGDADESUNHAIZUOYONG,YOUHENDUOWEISHENGWUJIANGBENFENZUOWEISHENGZHANGDETANYUAN,YINCI,BIXUCAIYONGHUOXINGWUNIFAJINXINGFENXI。ZAISHIYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUOXINGWUNIFADEGUANLIJISHUYAOQIUJIAOGAO,DUZICHENGSHOUDENENGLI XIANGDUIJIAODI,CUNZAIZHONGDUOBUZUZHICHU,DUIFUZANONGDUJIAOGAODEHANFENCHULIXIAOGUOBINGBULIXIANG,YINCI,BIXUDUIHUOXINGTANDEGAILIANGGONGYIJINXINGYANJIU,CONGERSHIDEHUOXINGQUWUNIFADUIFEISHUICHUFENDEXIAOGUODADAOYAOQIU。

  3.2SHENGWULIUHUACHUANGFA:MUQIAN,WOGUOZAIGONGYEHANFENFEISHUICHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHANGCHANGJIANGSHENGWUJIANGJIEFAZUOWEIERJICHULIJISHULAIJINXINGYINGYONG,GAIFANGFAZHANDIMIANJIFEICHANGDA,NENGHAOJIAOGAO,LIYONGLVJIAODI。BIXUYAODUIQIJIAQIANGYANJIU,WEITIGONGJIANBIANGAOXIAO,SHIYONGFANWEIGUANGDEHANFENFEISHUICHULIJISHUDIANDINGGUANGFANDEJICHU。

  3.3MEIZHIJIDECHULIFANGFA:MEISHIYIZHONGBIJIAOGAOXIAOHEZHUANYIDESHENGWUCUIHUAJI,BIXUJIANGMEIZHIJI JISHUYONGYUFEISHUICHULIYANJIU,ERSHUIRONGXINGMEISHUYUYICIXINGXIAOHAO,DAOZHICHULICHENGBENJIAOGAO,YINCI,WEIJIANGDICHENGBEN,BUDUANDITIGAOMEIDEHUOXING,XUJIANGMEIHUOXINGGUDINGDEJISHUZUOWEIGAILINGYUYANJIUDEZHONGDIANCHAO。

  4膜分离技术

  SUIZHEJICHUSHIYONGHUAJIEDUANDEFAZHAN,BIXUQIANGHUARUZHUANGYEMODEYANJIU,TUIJINZHENGGEMOCUIQUFENLIJISHUDEKAIZHAN。MOFENLIJISHUSHIZHIZAIFENZISHUI PINGSHANGBUTONGLIJINGFENZIDEHUNHEWUZAITONGGUOBANTOUMOSHI,SHIXIANXUANZEXINGFENLIDEJISHU,YONGGEMOSHIRONGJI(TONGCHANGSHISHUI)TONGRONGZHIHUOWEILIFENLIDEJI SHU,BAOKUODIANSHENXI、KUOSANSHENXI、FANSHENTOUHECHAOGUOLVFADENG。MOFENLIJISHUGUANGFANDIYONGYUHAISHUIHEKUXIANSHUIDANHUA、FEISHUISHENDUCHULI、FEIYEHEFEISHUIZHONGYOUYONGWUZHIDENONGSUOHUISHOUYIJIZHIQUGAOCHUNSHUIDENGFANGMIAN。

  5结语

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,HANFENFEISHUICHENGFENXIANGDUILAIJIANGBIJIAOFUZA,BIXUTONGGUOYUN YONGJINGJIYOUXIAODEFANGFADADAOHANFENFEISHUICHULIDEBIAOZHUN,LIANHEGEZHONGHANFENFEISHUICHULIDEJISHU,CONGERJIANGDIHANFENFEISHUICHULIDECHENGBEN,TUIDONGHUANJINGDE BAOHUJIQIHANFENFEISHUICHULIDEJINGJIXING。

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